Energy performance and energy saving of life-support systems in educational institutions
This article describes the results of energy consumption monitoring analysis in buildings of educational institutions. Relevance of resource-saving technologies use is substantiated in order to improve energy performance and energy saving. The principal model is proposed. This model describes the impact of building automation systems (BAS) and utility systems management tools (USMT) on the accomplished level of energy performance. The method for determination of the minimum requirements for the aforementioned systems in respect of educational institutions is given. Provisions for heat distribution stations upgrading in order to improve heat supply of a building are proposed.
The contemporary automation systems of buildings ensure the most efficient control automation for heating, ventilation, lighting, hot water supply systems. This leads to significant increase of operation efficiency and reduction of energy costs. The integrated energy saving processes and functions are optimized depending on the specific climatic conditions in a region, special considerations in respect of building operation and user requirements. It leads to significant reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission.
Keywords: Energy efficiency, energy conservation, energy efficiency, heat supply system, engineering control equipment, automatic control system