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Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

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Effect of cellulose-based fibers extracted from pineapple (Ananas comosus) leaf in the formation of polyurethane foam

L. J. Jabber, J. Grumo, J. Patricio, M. R. Magdadaro, A. Alguno, A. Lubguban

Abstract


New polyurethane foams were fabricated utilizing cellulose-based fibers extracted from pineapple (Ananas comosus) leaf as raw material. The pineapple leaf fibers (PALF) were treated with alkali and subsequently bleached to enhance its fiber-matrix adhesion. Polyurethane composites have been prepared by incorporating 10% cellulose-based fibers extracted from PALF during polyurethane synthesis. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra revealed that increase in the C-H and C-O vibrational modes absorption were observed when cellulose-based fibers were incorporated which might be attributed to the successful bonding of high purity cellulose-based fibers in the matrix of polyurethane foam. The physico-chemical, spectral and thermal properties of the polyurethane foam and the cellulose-based fibers reinforced polyurethane composites have been studied.

Keywords: Cellulose-based fibers; Pineapple leaf fibers; Polyurethane foam




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