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Assessing the readiness of contractors in implementing low carbon construction in Penang

S. Omar
M. W. M Shafiei


Global warming or climate change is becoming the main concerns of humanity as it leads to an increase in Earth’s temperature and rise in the oceans’ level which is due to the increase of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere. Greenhouse gasses consists of water vapour, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N20), tropospheric ozone (O3) and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Among the gasses, CO2 is the highest and easiest gas to measure as it is emitted from human economic activities with construction industry one of the major contributors of carbon emissions. Low carbon construction is the reduction of carbon emissions from the construction activities during construction process. For the implementation of low carbon construction in our construction industry, the contractors need to be ready and have knowledge to adopt low carbon construction industry. The purpose of this research is to determine the level of contractors’ knowledge towards low carbon construction, determining the level of readiness towards low carbon construction and proposing a checklist for the contractors towards low carbon construction in Penang. This research employed questionnaire survey to analyse the level of knowledge and readiness of the contractors on low carbon construction. As a conclusion, the implementation of low carbon practices by the contractors in Penang is good, therefore established that G7 contractors implement low carbon practices throughout their construction. However, the results and findings indicated that the average mean score on the level of readiness of contractors towards low carbon construction is 3.59. The result was perceived as moderate. Therefore, it shows that the contractors are in a moderate readiness to implement low carbon construction fully in their construction projects. A checklist was established by summarizing the highest low carbon activities from each category which were sustainable site planning and management, materials and resources, waste management, water efficiency and energy efficiency, and was perceived as good.


Keywords: Climate change, greenhouse gases, carbon emission, low carbon construction, contractors’ readiness.