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Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences

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High-voltage pulse discharge as factor of the methanogenesis initiation

B. P. Chesnokov, F. K. Abdrazakov, E. V. Spiridonova, O. V. Naumova, D. S. Katkov

Abstract


Results of scientific research on influence of the high-voltage pulse discharge on process of bioorganic waste methane sludge fermentation in agricultural production are given in the article. Powerful infra- and ultrasonic fluctuations leading to emergence of shock waves exert strong impact on processes: disinfecting, cleanings and deflocculation of bioorganic mix, as well as on activity of various physical and chemical changes of synthesis products. Selecting the modes of high-voltage pulse processing, it is possible to provide highly productive anaerobic bacteria. At the same time "artificial selection" as a result of which weak microorganisms perish is observed, and the strong group remains. Viable species of microorganisms, having received at the order nutrient medium, as a result of destruction and death of weak microorganisms, begin to breed quickly, increasing growth of a biofilm responsible for a biogas exit. For the analysis of experimental data on development of technological process for anaerobic sludge fermentation the method of trans-resonant functional topography which provided informational content of the active environment concerning ions and free radicals arising in the course of modifying the organic substratum was used.

Keywords: biogas unit, anaerobic sludge fermentation, electro technology, methanogenesis,
pulse discharge, bioorganic waste, water substratum, organic fertilizers, processing, ecology.




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