High-voltage pulse discharge as factor of the methanogenesis initiation

  • B. P. Chesnokov
  • F. K. Abdrazakov
  • E. V. Spiridonova
  • O. V. Naumova
  • D. S. Katkov
Keywords: biogas unit, anaerobic sludge fermentation, electro technology, methanogenesis, pulse discharge, bioorganic waste, water substratum, organic fertilizers, processing, ecology.

Abstract

Results of scientific research on influence of the high-voltage pulse discharge on process of bioorganic waste methane sludge fermentation in agricultural production are given in the article. Powerful infra- and ultrasonic fluctuations leading to emergence of shock waves exert strong impact on processes: disinfecting, cleanings and deflocculation of bioorganic mix, as well as on activity of various physical and chemical changes of synthesis products. Selecting the modes of high-voltage pulse processing, it is possible to provide highly productive anaerobic bacteria. At the same time "artificial selection" as a result of which weak microorganisms perish is observed, and the strong group remains. Viable species of microorganisms, having received at the order nutrient medium, as a result of destruction and death of weak microorganisms, begin to breed quickly, increasing growth of a biofilm responsible for a biogas exit. For the analysis of experimental data on development of technological process for anaerobic sludge fermentation the method of trans-resonant functional topography which provided informational content of the active environment concerning ions and free radicals arising in the course of modifying the organic substratum was used.

Keywords: biogas unit, anaerobic sludge fermentation, electro technology, methanogenesis,
pulse discharge, bioorganic waste, water substratum, organic fertilizers, processing, ecology.

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eISSN: 1112-9867