Complex research of acoustic impact on gas-dust flow in vortex-acoustic dispenser
Introduction The processing of wastes from mining operations is usually related to the needs of related industries in raw materials. The results of numerous studies on the complex processing of various man-made materials have confirmed the feasibility of their use to ensure resource-saving and obtain new types of products [1-3]. One of the most promising areas of industrial waste utilization is their integrated use in the production of building materials, which allows to meet the demand for raw materials up to 40% for this most important industry. The use of industrial waste allows to reduce costs for the manufacture of building materials 10-30% in comparison with their production from natural raw materials. The saving of capital investments makes 35-50% in this case [4-5]. In modern technology of building materials production, fine powders are one of the fundamental components that significantly affect the quality of finished products . The fineness of material grinding is important for the intensification of various technological processes. However, the obtaining of a highly dispersed product is difficult due to increased energy consumption for material grinding, as well as their abrasiveness at an intensive abrasion, which causes a high wear of grinding bodies and other parts of a grinding unit. This leads to the increase of the grinding process cost, as well as to the obtaining of a poor-quality, contaminated product [7,8]. According to the data [9-10], the energy costs for the grinding of various materials reach 20% of the total energy consumption for production. The most promising method for fine and ultrafine grinding of various materials used in lowtonnage and innovative technologies is the jet method of grinding [11-12].