Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion Systems: Prospects and Challenges in Nigerian Hydrological Setting
Hydrokinetic energy conversion systems utilize the kinetic energy of flowing water bodies with little or no head to generate other useable forms of energy. In the last few years various research and development efforts have been made to bring out this technology from the proof of concept stage and to demonstrate its technical feasibility and potential to be deployed for the supply of stand- alone/off-grid electric power production. Being also a variant of the small hydropower scheme, which are usually site specific, much of the studies done on the technology are suited to specific sites and the peculiar hydrology of those localities. This paper, thus, explores this new emerging technology and its prospects, potentials, challenges and frameworks for its adaptation in Nigerian hydrological setting.