INFLUENCE OF SUPERPLASTICIZER AND VARYING AGGREGATE SIZE ON THE DRYING SHRINKAGE AND COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF LATERISED CONCRETE

  • F Falade DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS, AKOKA, LAGOS, NIGERIA
  • B Ukponu DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS, AKOKA, LAGOS, NIGERIA
  • OJ Ugbaja DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS, AKOKA, LAGOS, NIGERIA
Keywords: Coarse aggregate size, Compressive strength, Drying shrinkage, Laterised concrete and Superplasticizer

Abstract

This paper presents the results of the study on the influence of superplasticizer and varying aggregate size on the drying shrinkage and compressive strength of laterised concrete. Four different samples of laterised concrete were made from prescribed mix ratio of 1:1:2 which include; two control specimens made with different coarse aggregate sizes (12.5mm and 19mm) and another two specimens that have the same composition as the control samples with addition of superplasticizer (Conplast 430). The compressive strength and drying shrinkage were determined at the curing periods (7, 14, 21 and 28 days). The results showed that specimens made with 12.5mm diameter coarse aggregate and superplasticizer developed a maximum compressive strength (44N/mm2) at 28th day. This maximum compressive strength was 29.6%, 31.8% and 4.6% greater than the compressive strength developed by the control specimens and specimens made with 19mm diameter coarse aggregate and superplasticizer. Specimens made with 19mm diameter coarse aggregate and superplasticizer developed the minimum shrinkage strain (1.48⨯0-3) at 90th day. This value was 17%, 13.5% and 8.1% less than shrinkage strain of the control specimens and specimen made with 12.5mm coarse aggregate size and superplasticizer. The addition of superplasticizer increased the compressive strength and reduced the shrinkage strain of all specimens; while increase in coarse aggregate size reduced both compressive strength and drying shrinkage.

 

http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njt.v36i3.11

Published
2017-06-30
Section
Building, Civil & Geotechical Engineering

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2467-8821
print ISSN: 0331-8443