Author Guidelines

JAFS is dedicated to the achievement of the following aims:
a) Highlight and accentuate contemporary leading issues in Agriculture and Food Sciences
b) Demonstrate the nature and solutions of emerging problems in Agricultural Development and Food Science.
c) Act as a forum for the dissemination and discussion of new ideas, policies and practices in public and private sectors, as they relate to Food and Agriculture.

Guidelines for Submission of papers

The Editors welcome critical and research views in Agriculture, Food Sciences and Development issues which have not been previously published elsewhere and which are derived from inside or outside Nigeria. Articles should as much as possibly contain case studies rather than general essays.

Articles should be typed on single line spacing, Time New Roman, Font 12. The full paper should not be more than 12 pages including references and Tables. Additional pages will attract extra charge per page.

Please observe the following guidelines strictly;

(i) Title – This should be on the first line. It should be typed in 12 bold font size and in upper case using Times New Roman. The title should not be more than 2 lines and should not have a full stop at the end. Do not use abbreviations. Do not type anything above the title.
(ii) Authors – Type the names of the authors on the next line in Times 12 font upper case. Give the surname (without title) first, then initials. Use superscript numbers to distinguish authors with different addresses. The names of the authors should be in bold format.
(iii) Address – This should be on the next line Times New Roman 12 sentence case. Give full address and use superscript numbers to distinguish addresses of authors.
(iv) Abstract – The abstract should not be more than 250 words in length; must contain the focus of the paper, the problem statement must be clearly and concisely reflected in the abstract. This should be on Times New Roman, 12 Font, single line spacing and in italics. The major findings, the conclusion and the recommendations must also be stated in the abstract. It must be complete and understandable without reference to the text.
(v) Keywords - List keywords for the work presented (4-5 keywords), separated by commas. We suggest that keywords do not replicate the title.
(vi) Text – Leave one line after addresses and type the abstract with single spacing in Times 12 font and in italics. The text should then follow in Times New Roman 12 font, 1.5 line spacing and be separated into sections introduction, materials and methods, result and discussion, conclusion and references. Each section should be separated by a clear line. Under the introduction, ensure to clearly specify the general and the specific objectives of the study.
Furthermore, the result and discussion should be weaved around the stated specific objectives of the study. Section headings should be bold and the text should not be on the same line as the section heading. Tables and illustrations should be numbered and explained in the discussion. All Tables and Illustrations should be placed after the references section.
(vii) References - All references following should be arranged alphabetically at the end of the paper, with the year of publication after authors name (surname) first. Title of articles, books and journal, volume, number publishers and pages should be shown. Let your references conform to the APA reference style fifth edition. 

Reference style
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is present in the reference list (and vice versa).
Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author's name (without initials) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
3. Three to five authors: The format of in-text citations for three to five authors is as follows:
First citation, mention the surnames and date
Example: Eze, Olayemi, Ekpong, and Awele (2019).
Subsequent citations, first name (no initials), followed by et al.,
4. If a work has six (6) or more authors, cite only the last name of the first author followed by et al. each time you refer to this work.
5. Example: Obi et al., 2010.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically.
Examples: "as demonstrated (Okeke, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Okeke and Musa, 1995). Chinedu et al. (2000) have recently shown ...."
List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.
Examples:
Reference to a journal publication:
One Author
Mark, R. A. (2007). Nutrition in multicultural contexts. Journal of Nutrition: Practice and Research, 59(4), 10-19.
Two to Five Authors [List all authors]
Nweke, C. J., Abiodun, V. F., Musa, R., & Ekong, A. H. (2018). Recollection rejection: False-memory editing in children and adults. Psychological Review, 110(4), 762-784.
Six to Seven authors [include all names in the reference list]
Uguru, P., Akpan, T., Obi, K., Abiola, J., Okeke, J., Shettima, H., & Hadiza, G. (2010). Effectiveness of respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia biofeedback on state-anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Journal of Nursing, 66(5), 1101-1110.
Eight or more authors
In the reference list, when there are eight (8) or more authors, include the first six (6) authors’ names and then use ellipsis points (...) before concluding with the last author’s name.
Yomi, S. A., Nike, S. G., Mbata, I. N., Salihu, J., Chinedu, D., Okeke, L., ... Ubochi, P. (2000).
Food security challenges of farming households. Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences,
18(2), 43-56.

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.
Example:
Ministry of Commerce. (2018). Rural communities. Retrieved 26 July, 2012, from http://www.fmard.govt.nig/agriculture/ruralcommunities

Editorial Policy
Unpublished material

Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described is not copyrighted, published or submitted elsewhere, except in abstract form. The corresponding author should ensure that all authors approve the manuscript before its submission.

Conflict of interest
When authors submit a manuscript, they are responsible for recognizing and disclosing financial and/or other conflicts of interest that might bias their work and/or could inappropriately influence his/her judgment. If no specified acknowledgement is given, the Editors assume that no conflict of interest exists.

Proofs
After the acceptance of the manuscript, all manuscripts will undergo some editorial modification, so it is important to check proofs carefully. The proof will be sent to the corresponding author via e-mail for proof-reading and correction of minor typographical or grammatical errors before publication. Major corrections are not expected at proof stage. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked and returned within 72 hours.

The journal uses single-blind peer review.

We charge three thousand naira (N3, 000) for the review of each manuscript submitted; on acceptance of the manuscript subject to favourable reviewers’ comments, we charge fifteen thousand naira (N15, 000) for publication. For foreign authors, the Journal charges $100 for articles. However, foreign authors are eligible for a discount at request. Manuscripts are accepted subject to favourable comments by reviewers.
Manuscripts should be sent to THE EDITOR, JAFS, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE, IMO STATE, P.M.B. 2000, OWERRI

Web site: www.ajol.info/index.php/jafs; e-mail: editorjafs@gmail.com

The journal has two volumes annually, i.e. April and October every year.

ADDRESS OF CORRESPONDENCE

Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences (JAFS), Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Imo State, P.M.B. 2000, Owerri, Nigeria
Email: editorjafs@gmail.com

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1597-1074