Economic analysis of the effect of flood disaster on food security of arable farming households in Southern Guinea Savanna Zone, Nigeria
The study assessed the economic analysis of the effect of flood disaster on food security of arable farming households in southern guinea savanna zone, Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 120 farmers who experienced and didn’t experience flooding in Kwara and Niger States from whom data were collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, food security index and logistics regression model. This revealed that majority of the farming household heads in the study area were predominantly young people, who were still in their active age and had at least secondary education. Also, the food security result shows that majority of the farming households who experienced flood were not food secure. The regression result shows that the coefficients which were significant were years of schooling, household size, off farm income, household expenditure and flooding. The adaptation practices adopted against flooding by households includes seasonal migration, diversification of livelihood, terracing and early harvesting. The study recommends that climatic information especially the seasonal rainfall prediction annual reports be made available early enough to farmers in the flood plain areas to reduce the effect of food insecurity.
Keywords: Flood, Food Security, Logistic Regression and Mitigate