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Rwandan Journal of Education

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Usefulness of problem tree, objective tree and logical framework matrix to fix chal-lenges of unemployment and underemployment of higher education graduates in Rwanda, Kenya and Ghana

Irénée Ndayambaje, Philothère Ntawiha, Susan Ngigi, Samuel Yaw Ampofo

Abstract


The essence of this paper is to provide a quick scientific and technical framework to dig into emerging educational issues by clearly outlining the causes, revealing the effects and hence devising assessable counteracting measures. In this perspective, with reference to the increasing concern of unemployment and underemployment of higher education graduates in Rwanda, Kenya and Ghana, this paper demonstrates the usefulness of adopting the problem tree, objective tree and logical framework matrix approach. The study was guided by the Theory of Change and used secondary data. Brainstorming and document review techniques were used for data collection. Data were analyzed thematically. The discussion has led to the conclusion that higher learning institutions are not adequately preparing graduates to face the increasing labor market demands in terms of skills and competitiveness. Having outlined the roots of the problem through the problem tree, the researchers proposed potential strategies to handle the issue.

Keywords: Unemployment, Underemployment, Higher Education, Graduate, Rwanda, Kenya, Ghana




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